I looked into this when I bought mine. I ended up with a trailer.
There are some nice tow bar setups (Blue Ox!) out there that can be added to your bumper, you can hardly tell that the mounts are there when you take the bars off.
Just make sure that the tow bar is level or lower than the ball, otherwise bad things can happen. That is the main reason I went with a trailer, plus you can carry more stuff and get it home if you break it.... I have already had to trailer it after wrecking the rear R&P.
I have towed several cars for a dozen years with my motorhome, the JK is one of the easiest. First thing is read the blogs about your model year. I know 2011& 2012 are the same. Meaning, they require no key in ignition, the steering wheel does not lock, and they do not require the battery to be disconnected to tow. The next part is the towbar. There are cheap ones that connect to bumper shackles, or ones like mine, a Roadmaster or even Blue Ox. It takes some research to figure out which one you want. The rest of it is the wiring hookup, a decent wiring harness is available from CoolTech, and you'll need an auxilary braking system ( required in most states and Canada).
The actual towing is easy. You make sure the Transfer case is in Neutral. Mne is an Auto so I have to put the transmission in Park...I'm not sure about a manual.
You connect her up, takes about 2-3 mins, and away you go.
I prefer a towbar over a trailer because when you arrive at your destination you don't have a 25 ft trailer to find parking for. The downsides to a towbar is you basically cannot backup the rig, and you do add road miles ( not on speedo) to your Jeep tires/wheels/brakes.
Look at iRV2.net and search for towed Jeeps for info.
If your hauling with a 3/4 ton (F-250, 2500) you shouldn't need a weight distribution hitch. A half ton you might but I've never towed with a half ton. I've hauled jeeps thousands of miles. I have an 18' bumper pull now with 5200# axles. Pulls strait with no issues. One with 3500 lb axles would be fine but gets close to the weight rating of what the trailer will haul, if you want to go by the books anyway.... As for length of a trailer my jku measures 16' so a 16' trailer would be absolute minimum.
I use a 6" drop/rise receiver for mine. Worked out perfectly. My tow bar tabs are on my bumper, which raises the tow bar higher than if you were to use a baseplate. However, I used a baseplate on my last two JKs, and much prefer this method.
I think most tow bar manufacturers suggest that the bar is sloped down towards towed vehicle (Jeep).
Here is what mine looks like:
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